"Transmission" is a vital second within the lifetime of a farm. It permits to pursue an exercise and to proceed a piece with a company already in place. This additionally saves time and productiveness for the customer.
Farms in peril
Earlier than, farms (or farms) handed from technology to technology. The kids had been resuming the exercise of the dad and mom, and so forth. However in the present day, the descendants don’t essentially resume the household exercise. We should discover a resolution to not lose these farms.
Three departures for 2 arrivals
Immediately, "out-of-the-home" events (exterior the household circle) account for almost 35% of takeovers (in opposition to 5% a couple of years in the past). The purpose is to extend this determine till you attain 50% of instances. In any other case, if within the 10 years to return, the transmissions couldn’t be performed, we might lose 50% of the farms. That is how the Chambers of Agricultures arrange processes and assist for farmers.
Thus far, in Deux-Sèvres, 200 farms are in search of consumers.
► On the assembly of Dominique Gruget (transferor) and Audrey Pelletier (purchaser)
Throughout this primary assembly, we went to fulfill Dominica and Audrey. He needs to promote his farm, it’s about to hitch the Agricultural Group working joint Château Château close to Niort.
Dominique at 59 years previous. He determined to retire on the firstst June. However for that, he ready his departure for a number of months. Accompanied by the Chamber of Agriculture of Deux-Sèvreshe’ll quickly promote his shares on this GAEC. The GAEC du Petit Chauveux contains 680 goats (a very good dimension herd), 200 breeding younger and 60 nursing cows. As well as the farm has about 390 ha of crops and meadows.
In 1985, together with his three brothers (all associates), Dominique Gruget started this operation. Then, in 2004, he fashioned a GEAC with one other associate. His brothers having taken different paths.
I all the time needed to do that job and lift goats to the chagrin of my father who needed me to do one thing else. Historically, there have been all the time goats at dwelling that made cheese. Certainly one of my brothers (a bit of older than me had the thought to develop this manufacturing there, and I all the time adopted it).
– Dominique Gruget – goat farmer – GAEC du Petit Chauveux
Dominique explains that he likes the character of this animal to which he attaches simply. These goats are there to provide milk. It’s not an animal supposed to make meat. He tries to maintain them so long as potential. And in order that they’ll produce correctly, there’s a lot to look at for, rations to check, deliver them good high quality meals …
We have now mates, our mates! They’re typically given small names. It's good to work that means. It's additionally simpler to bear than colleagues.
Within the morning the milking begins at 7:00, throughout this time, one other withdraws the refusals (which has not been eaten). Then there’s the time to wash the goat shed, take away the manure … To not point out the night treats, round 17:00.
We should observe the seasons
A goat farm is nicely regulated. In spring there’s hay harvest. The births happen primarily within the month of January, and in summer season, it has the interval of the reproductions. In autumn, we should begin making ready the following marketing campaign (dry goats for them to relaxation …).
This job is each a routine, on daily basis, and on this routine, there are seasons.
Are there any sacrifices on this job?
Dominqiue: Sure, there are however we’re organized with the intention to work with others. As a result of you must work early within the morning and late at evening (for milking). And throughout the day, we work lots as pure all the executive half. Audrey will take over for this half. We cannot go far if we need to depart someplace. As a result of within the group of the day, if we need to depart, every little thing should be completed. That's a constraint. However on the similar time, that's what makes this job so fascinating.
Since I’ve been put in, I’ve by no means seen the time go. I like my job.
Dominique: Individually, I’d not have been very snug with a hierarchy above me. There, I do what I would like, so far as our group is worried. Thus, everybody chooses a couple of of his favourite areas. And we query ourselves on a regular basis. Immediately I need to transmit technique of manufacturing, after which to transmit a data, a ardour. Now it's time for me to maneuver on. I’ve this chance.
A retreat or a witness passage?
It’s subsequently quickly for me one other life. I need to uncover one thing else. It's a career that has fascinated me lots and took quite a lot of time. And I’ll miss him. This retreat is sort of a little journey.
For this transmission, it was final 12 months that I started to consider transmitting. I gave myself 5 years. Immediately, I'm 59 years previous. I'm 5 years forward of me, it's the time it takes to seek out somebody and to convey issues moderately.
I used to be stunned to need to change my life!
Methods to discover the best elected (the nice elected)?
I discovered somebody by way of social networks with the assistance of Florian, a colleague. At first, we met to speak concerning the venture and the way we noticed issues. Then the journey got here and it was pure that we thought that Audrey was the best individual. A relationship of belief has been established along with her.
Audrey is 26 years previous. She is from Deux-Sèvres. Beforehand, she was on a everlasting contract. However she couldn’t depart every little thing earlier than realizing if it could actually work and if the organizations (banks …) would be capable to observe it. As a result of greater than a brand new job, it should combine inside this GAEC, and subsequently, take shares. It is a monetary subject that shouldn’t be uncared for.
I left a CDI, I’ve a bit of woman of 18 months, I’ve a home. This isn’t a choice to be taken evenly. It's an funding, it's a life, a profession. I’ve to see on the long term.
– Audrey Pelletier
Audrey needed to arrange financially (for the acquisition of shares for instance). She should make a mortgage. It's the funding of a lifetime.
For me, it's the best second
After learning in BEPA agricultural equine breeding choice, she was employed. However in the present day, she feels able to cool down and make choices.
Audrey: I’ve all the time needed to settle as a result of additionally it is a solution to be fulfilled. I began with a obligatory coaching in discovery internship in a goat farm. That is the place I noticed that it was what I actually preferred and what I needed to do subsequent. It's greater than a breeding. Additionally it is a particular relationship that develops with animals. We connect to it. Being in a sponsorship interval permits me to see all of the levels of livestock administration over the whole 12 months.
Methods to reconcile work and private life?
Audrey: The group in GAEC nonetheless permits to have benefits. We are able to arrange for household holidays and weekends. With the opposite colleagues, we plan the work. A 3 (on the goat workshop), it’s potential to be completely current on the farm. That is additionally why I made the selection to have interaction in any such group. On the stage of accountability, we aren’t alone in making choices. We do this collectively, it's extra constructive. As well as, I really feel nicely built-in and listened. The truth that I’m a woman has not modified something.
Dominique (the transferor) explains that what secures an set up is to reach in an organization that works nicely and is in cruising velocity. Particularly since there are (good) figures that verify his level. Audrey offered a "forecast" to lenders. However what pleases can be to know that this exercise is worthwhile. At this second Audrey is in sponsorship interval. That’s, she learns to work with the opposite members of the group (GAEC), but additionally that the opposite members additionally be taught to work collectively along with her. It's in each instructions. It should be "match". This can be probably the most troublesome factor. As a result of it’s crucial that the brand new associate takes its place on this current group.
Internships to accompany this sponsorship
Audrey will be capable to profit from "à la carte" programs in line with her wants for recommendation or technical assist. For a bit of over a 12 months, Audrey will be capable to get an actual concept of this new job, inside this group.
A relationship of belief
The curiosity of the sponsorship is to have the ability to take a time of acclimatization and creation of bond between the transferor and the customer. It’s thus a check interval which additionally permits to take reference factors.
The milk produced on this farm is shipped to the Coopérative Laitière de Sèvre (CLS) of Echiré (79). It’s a dairy that brings collectively 60 goat producers and about 60 cow producers. The harvested milk can be used to make goat cheese.
► On the assembly of Jean-Pierre Tribot (transferor) and Flavien Favre (purchaser)
We additionally met Jean-Pierre Tribot (56), a goat farmer on the EARL La Tête Noire in Périgny (Deux-Sèvres). He’ll promote his farm to Flavien Favre (23 years previous), from Bougon (79).
Jean Pierre has been put in since 1984. He created every little thing (set up, buildings, herd, land round …). To any extent further, Jean-Pierre needs to transmit his exploitation of 500 goats to an adolescent and to share his know-how. The sponsorship is in place. The set up of Flavien is scheduled for 1st December 2020. The sponsorship will final in a 12 months and a half. Then Jean-Pierre stays related for 5 years (till 2025). At first Flavien will purchase 50% of shares throughout his set up, then, the acquisition of the remaining, from Jean-Pierre.
Right here too, the massive interval of exercise is that of calving. Now accompanied by Flavien, it’s simpler to handle this era and observe the births of the youngsters. You must watch them feed.
Methods to arrange your private life with the breeding exercise?
Jean Pierre : we’ve got all the time been used to that. We take one or two weeks off a 12 months. And now we work each different week because the arrival of Flavien.
What do you count on from Flavien?
Jean Pierre : we want that it goes nicely. That he can handle as he ought to, and that he can reach his venture. The Chamber of Agriculture helped me for all estimates of buildings, tools, livestock, calculation of shares…
And after 2025 what are you going to do?
I’ll take pleasure in touring by motorhome. I by no means had time to make use of it an excessive amount of. Now he has to roll.
Why not a household restoration?
Jean Pierre : I’ve two daughters, however they don’t seem to be within the resumption of exploitation. They selected one other path. Certainly, if they might proceed, I’d have been pleased. At one level, one in every of them had even considered creating a change laboratory, however finally was not additional within the course of. She is transferring in one other path. It's his alternative, I respect him.
I’m very pleased to transmit my farm and particularly my know-how.
Flavien Favre at 23 years previous. He’s from Bougon. He has a Baccalaureate Professional (in three years) and a 12 months of certification in goat farming. It’s he who will take over the operation of Jean-Pierre. Since childhood, he has been enthusiastic about agriculture, particularly goat farming. After commencement, he was employed for a number of years. And in the future, he stated to himself: "why not work for me. "
Flavian: I’ve a desire for goats, in comparison with cows. This animal is extra delicate. It's one of many smallest ruminants.
My mates inform me that I'm courageous, however you must begin.
It’s crucial to arrange nicely as a result of it is a vital funding which mixes personal life life. You could additionally know the best way to give your self time. You must know the best way to delegate work (as for crops).
Flavian: at first, I didn’t need to cool down. It scared me a bit of. However as a result of I labored in goat farms, I stated to myself "a lot work for me". If it's to do eleven hours a day, do it for your self and work in your individual means, handle your flock.
Borrowings too quick
Immediately, the proposed mortgage phrases are 12 or 15 years. Beforehand, they had been 20 or 25 years previous. Jean-Pierre explains that it’s harder to have a return on funding over such a brief interval to deal with repayments.
The way forward for goat farming
As there’s a excessive demand, goat farms have a future. As the availability tends to lower and there’s much less set up, because of departures, and subsequently much less milk available on the market. Within the subsequent ten years, there can be many farmers who will depart (at retirement). And the restoration charge is presently fairly low. It’s important to advertise farm switch, on the threat of closing operations. The hazard is that the Dutch come to us to provide milk. It's beginning already. As a result of they are going to do this with very giant herds (not simply 500 goats).
Due to the breeders: Dominique Gruget, Audrey Pelletier in Niort and Jean-Pierre Tribot and Flavien Favre in Périgny.
Thanks additionally to Agnès Bignolles and Eric Ferré (Deux-Sèvres Chamber of Agriculture) for his or her assist throughout this report.