First a part of this new sequence, with, tonight, Axelle Brodiez-Dolino, sociologist, researcher on the Norbert-Elias Middle (Marseille), member of the Nationwide Observatory of Poverty and Social Exclusion (ONPES) and the council scientist from the Social Safety Historical past Committee.
From the tip of the Center Ages to the second third of the 20th century, dividing strains have remained surprisingly motionless in depictions of poverty, regardless of main political, financial and social modifications. By the historical past of poverty / precariousness and humanitarianism, deciding who can obtain, and when, attracts the boundaries of help techniques. In France, the historic name of Abbé Pierre in 1954 and the motion of Father Joseph Wresinski, founding father of ATD Fourth World, marked a serious turning level.
There’s a first cleavage in poverty, which is whether or not or not you’ll be able to work (from the 14th century onwards). Those that clearly would not have the work pressure, whether or not they’re previous, disabled or too younger, these are good poor individuals they usually deserve the help of society. Because of this we frequently name, in France, as in Anglo-Saxon terminology, deserving or undeserving poor.
We should look forward to the Third Republic to see help, as we really realize it, arrange.
We’re nonetheless speaking in regards to the unemployment charge in France, which has been someplace between eight and 11%, for 3 to 4 a long time. However the unemployment charge itself says nothing: if individuals are unemployed simply because they don't need to work, nothing has been mentioned. The truth is, what we’ve got to match is the variety of jobs obtainable and the variety of individuals searching for a job (…) France, and the Western system, has erected work as a price central, and subsequently, not having a job, not solely is it not akin to this worth, however as well as, fairly merely, it’s to really feel ineffective to society. (…) All of the associations see that individuals need to work and are in demand. It's simply that there isn't sufficient work for everybody.
ATD Fourth World actually has an actual affect on French public insurance policies, but additionally European and worldwide, to vary the look on the poor and on poverty.
The social gaze should nonetheless bear in mind that these individuals (poor, homeless …) don’t select their scenario, however that they’re the victims.
Sound extracts : story of Abbé Pierre's name in winter 1954, then a textual content learn by Roland Dubillard.
>>> article by Axelle Brodiez-Dolino The concept of vulnerability (printed in La Vie des Idées in February 2016).
>>> article by Axelle Brodiez-Dolino Vulnerability, a new category of public action (printed in October 2015 within the assessment Social info – n ° 188).