Meals stamps, value controls, common markets: whereas Argentina is strangled by debt, the federal government is making an attempt to alleviate the nation's 10 million poor. However these methods appear inadequate within the face of the ravages of the recession.
The mom of six youngsters, with a husband who works solely odd jobs, Maria Benitez, a resident of Benavides, on the outskirts of Buenos Aires, doesn’t all the time handle to purchase meals for her household.
For this housewife, buying fundamental requirements from the grocery store has turn out to be inconceivable. “It’s a must to have some huge cash,” she says.
She didn’t hesitate to go to Tigre, a city close to the capital, to attend for hours below the southern summer time solar along with her four-month-old child in her arms to acquire a meals card from the federal government which owes him afford to purchase meals.
When he took workplace two months in the past, President Alberto Fernandez, a center-left Peronist, assured that the federal government would concentrate on the destiny of “those that have the least”.
Argentina has been in recession since mid-2018. Poverty affected 35.four% of the inhabitants within the first quarter of 2019 in accordance with the newest obtainable figures and inflation, nonetheless in 2019, exceeded 50%.
The federal government froze fuel, water and electrical energy costs, set value controls on sure merchandise, and launched an app to seek out shops that promote them.
It has additionally began distributing 1.four million digital meals playing cards, the stability of which as much as 6,000 pesos (90 euros) is used to purchase meals solely.
This system is anticipated to profit 2.5 million youngsters below the age of six whose households haven’t any declared jobs, the federal government stated.
100 million euros month-to-month
It’s an “emergency” measure, advised AFP the Minister of Social Improvement, Daniel Arroyo. This system, whose price is estimated at 7 billion pesos (100 million euros) month-to-month, ought to “final all 12 months and definitely longer”.
In line with President Fernandez, through the mandate of his center-right predecessor Mauricio Macri (2015-2019), the sale of milk fell by 30%.
Gross sales of beef, the Argentinian favourite meals, fell 9.5% in 2019 in comparison with 2018, in accordance with business statistics.
For Fernando de la Fuente, a 28-year-old mason, father of a younger boy, the meals card arrived “simply in time”. “We would have liked milk, meat, rooster, the fundamentals,” he says, receiving the cardboard at Lomas de Zamora, close to Buenos Aires.
“The federal government faces an essential problem: enhancing financial exercise with out spending (…) It’s at a crossroads,” stated Matias Rajnerman, economist at Ecolatina.
For him, the effectiveness of emergency measures will depend upon the success of the renegotiation of the debt as a result of the federal government wants “a higher margin (of maneuver) to spend” and generate “extra credibility” within the markets for cut back inflation.
The federal government desires to renegotiate $ 195 billion in debt – out of a complete of 311 billion (91.6% of GDP) in accordance with the newest official figures – together with the 44 billion paid by the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) as a part of a 2018 settlement with the Macri authorities.
In line with the worldwide group, the measures of the federal government “go within the course of the restoration of macroeconomic stability and the safety of the poor”.
Along with meals playing cards and value controls, the federal government has arrange “common markets” the place bread, greens, honey and a few canned items are bought.
The purpose is to encourage the consumption of merchandise from small native companies, and never simply supermarkets, and thus to revive the exercise and create jobs.
However for Matias Rajnerman, “on this conjecture, every part could be very fragile”. “It could not be logical to count on a big discount in poverty” within the coming months, he stated.
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Decreasing poverty and debt, the puzzle of ArgentinaOuest-France.fr