En awaiting a worldwide financial restoration plan on the finish of the summer season, the French authorities has introduced emergency measures in favor of firms: deadlines for social and financial deadlines, postponement of the fee of rents and invoices, solidarity funds, loans assured by the State, rescheduling of financial institution loans, help for short-time working, and so on. However confronted with the hazard of an financial collapse, the federal government additionally drew up particular support plans for the tourism, vehicle, expertise firms, aeronautics, development, ebook and commerce sectors. proximity … Regardless of this, social plans, layoffs and job cuts are on the rise!
CLEAR CUTTINGS IN THE WORKFORCE
The media subject is saturated with bulletins of job cuts by very massive teams. It’s true that when Airbus broadcasts practically 5,000 job cuts in France, together with three,500 in Toulouse, a complete business is affected, with important penalties for the Toulouse space. This blow is mixed with the announcement by Air France-KLM to chop 7,500 jobs by the tip of 2022, or 17% of the group's workforce. It appears that evidently the media window was best, since on the similar time Nokia introduced 400 job cuts in Lannion, Brittany, HSBC France the elimination of a 3rd of positions in funding banking, and so on. Based on the Dares (Division for the Animation of Analysis, Research and Statistics), 24 job safety plans (PSE) – official and politically right identify of the job cuts plans for firms over 50 staff past 10 layoffs – have been introduced the primary week of July, towards solely 11 the primary week of March, a complete of 195 in 4 months! Based on this research, “the variety of deliberate job cuts continues to extend: cumulatively since 1er March,
27,000 job cuts have been thought-about throughout the framework of PSE, greater than twice as many as over the identical interval in 2019 “… And to this we should add what the Dares modestly calls” small collective redundancies “, even 1,600 in 4 months, in development, commerce, auto restore, manufacturing, lodging and catering!
Admittedly, within the first quarter of 2020, the unemployment price throughout the that means of the ILO was 7.eight% of the working inhabitants in France (excluding Mayotte), down zero.9 factors in comparison with the primary quarter of 2019. However l 'Insee factors out that this drop within the unemployment price outcomes “from a pointy drop within the variety of unemployed folks declaring themselves accessible or actively in search of employment, throughout the interval of confinement”. Therefore, a drop within the unemployment price which by no means displays an enchancment within the labor market. Worse, for the reason that jobs recreated is not going to essentially be in the identical sectors the place they have been destroyed, there’s a robust concern that the labor market will grow to be precarious, that labor productiveness will fall and that the structural unemployment price. will increase…
SOCIAL CRISIS AND ZOMBIE JOBS
In any case, we discuss much less about artisans, independents and small companies which are struggling the total brunt of the disaster. Nonetheless, in residing areas that typically solely have just a few manufacturers, a dozen fewer jobs can simply result in a social disaster.
Nonetheless, many firms, equivalent to within the automotive sector, have been already in nice issue earlier than the lockdown, which raises issues that a few of them will make the most of the disaster.
Covid-19 as an alibi to restructure and hearth employees extra simply. Furthermore, though the pricey partial unemployment schemes and State assured loans (PGE) have successfully restricted the surge in unemployment and bankruptcies in France, they’re of no use in the event that they profit firms that don’t. 'have been already extra viable earlier than the disaster. Certainly, these “zombie” firms – usually over-indebted – will maintain their workforce for just some extra months, earlier than the inevitable liquidation which is able to result in a wave of layoffs …
In any case, in a latest research, the OECD (Group for Financial Co-operation and Growth) sounded the alarm: if the roles disaster is poorly managed by governments, it might flip right into a disaster. social, particularly since, in response to its forecasts, the unemployment price in France would drop from eight.1% in 2019 to 12.three% in 2020!