The housing market disaster in vacationer areas is the social challenge of the day with sociologist Jean Viard. By the way in which, an indication is going down in the present day in Quiberon, Brittany, operation “dead beach” to denounce the inaction of native elected officers within the face of the rising share of second properties and short-term leases. The housing disaster in Brittany has reached unprecedented ranges, in response to the Dispac’h collective who organizes this gathering. We’re there.
franceinfo: In truth Jean Viard, within the vacationer areas, the inhabitants are in competitors with the vacationers, by way of housing?
John Viard: So, there are two issues: Brittany discovers what now we have recognized for a very long time on the Côte d’Azur; it has been 20 years in Provence that there’s this type of phenomenon. Having mentioned that, it’s true that the nice pandemic has displaced tens of hundreds of households, who’ve left the very huge cities, alongside the railway strains, to work in small cities or in villages, supplied that there are good training programs. And Brittany is typical of that. So there are certainly new arrivals, a few of them from elsewhere, they’re second properties who’ve settled there, all 12 months spherical, who go to Paris or Lyon as soon as every week.
One other half is certainly individuals who come to settle, who compete with the locals. Afterwards with this manifestation, it’s a must to watch out. It’s pushed by people who find themselves sufficient for the autonomy of Brittany, they are saying so of their textual content. Afterwards, I do know Quiberon properly. There have been small villages, even Quiberon. However the remainder was not constructed, as a result of there are three fishing villages. So the homes that have been constructed have been constructed to be second properties, in any other case there have been no homes. So they didn’t “take” the homes of the inhabitants, it’s a must to watch out with the speeches.
Afterwards, there are literally four million second properties in France. It’s the nation on this planet the place there are essentially the most per capita. And most of those second properties belong to individuals who dwell within the heart of very huge cities, fairly often not very distant. There are additionally Parisians, however for a lot of, it’s Bretons who’ve these homes. That is additionally the case all 12 months spherical in Breton campsites. However the pandemic has strengthened that, and so there are new competitions.
In La Baule, for instance, the place there was no building of social housing for 30 years, there’s a large downside in order that individuals who work and individuals who have salaries of 1510, 1800 euros can discover lodging , after which there may be certainly this competitors with native youngsters, so it requires versatile insurance policies, it requires reserving just a few plots of land within the services for native youngsters, and so on. In Provence, now we have realized a bit about this mechanic, however in areas like Brittany, I believe we should get began too.
Vacationer leases, it’s identified. All this drives up costs and makes it very troublesome for some households to seek out the place to remain…
It’s completely apparent. As soon as once more, Airbnb whenever you respect the principles, the concept was sensible, for the reason that concept is: once I go away, I lease my home and subsequently I finance my journey with the rental. That was it initially, and it ought to solely be that. What’s true is that there are individuals who lease residences or personal them and do Airbnbs all 12 months spherical. It appears to me that certainly there must be inspectors, however it’s as much as the municipalities to verify, as a result of certainly it’s not the legislation, however the authentic concept was a good suggestion.
And as well as Airbnb, it’s geared toward households. The large downside when touring with youngsters is that the majority motels are geared up for . So the concept was glorious. That is why you should not kill her. However there are individuals who have taken benefit of it, who’ve exaggerated, who chase the inhabitant to make tremendous margins by diverting Airbnb from its venture.
The place second properties pose an actual downside is in Paris, the place there are roughly 150,000 second properties, and these are residences that have been already there. In Paris, the 150,000 secondary residences, there, you drive out the inhabitant. In Amsterdam, I believe they banned second properties within the metropolis. Me, my place is to say in Paris, we should query second properties, that we ban them, so that individuals can discover first rate housing.