Anticipated since June after which postponed many instances, the interministerial committee for abroad territories (CIOM) should lastly be held this Tuesday, July 18, 2023 in Matignon. This committee – which brings collectively elected representatives from abroad and Elisabeth Borne’s ministers – ought to make it doable to make the motion of abroad communities more practical by enacting a sure variety of legislative or regulatory measures. Ought to we anticipate actual bulletins or (as soon as once more) a easy blah-blah: if the abroad elected officers hope to see their calls for taken under consideration, they’re below no illusions (Photograph picture Sly/www. imazpress.com)
“Usually we must always anticipate loads as a result of it’s a pretty uncommon occasion, however after that we now have no illusions”, notes Perceval Gaillard, deputy for the seventh district.
“The form says all of it,” he says. “There have already been a number of postponements with out anybody realizing why. It isn’t very critical,” he stated. “We even have the sensation that they don’t seem to be prepared.”
On the dock dues “there isn’t a clear thought, they speak about reform with out going into particulars, taxation both, nothing is evident”, signifies Perceval Gaillard.
In addition to on buying energy, “other than the BQP, there isn’t a critical reflection on the restrict of monopolies, competitors, worth blocking”.
“It will take a number of very constructive shock bulletins for us to vary our minds, however there may be little likelihood of that taking place,” notes the MP.
“The CIOM is the response by the Borne authorities to the decision from Fort de France, formulated and supported by the native authorities of the varied abroad territories” underlines Frédéric Maillot, deputy for the sixth constituency.
“The latter referred to as for a change within the mannequin of governance and particularly for a change within the coverage of support paid to abroad péiy. Which provides me the chance to salute this unprecedented initiative to see the abroad péi unite and speak about a one and the identical voice to a authorities” remarks the deputy
Frédéric Maillot signifies that “this Committee issues solely the ministers and never the deputies who solely attended info conferences and never work or contribution conferences”.
He retains that the concept of an overhaul of the dock dues was put ahead by Jean-Farnçois Carenco, as a result of “the federal government holds as sole and distinctive liable for the excessive price of residing in Abroad Gold, the work of the Fee of parliamentary inquiry devoted to this scourge wherein I’m invested, reveals that the issue is far more complicated than that”.
Frédéric Maillot then notes that by “attacking dock dues, the federal government dangers undermining the principle technique of financing abroad communities, and that’s not conceivable. I’ve expressed my full opposition to this concept reform and I’ll proceed to oppose it, for a fairer overhaul of the tax system within the abroad territories (the place), the state of affairs is not acceptable”.
He provides: “we anticipate an actual paradigm shift from the ability in place vis-à-vis our abroad territories: options tailored to our abroad specificities such because the shortage of land or the unemployment fee a lot increased than in France, along with the worldwide difficulty of excessive price of residing”
– “Higher to arrange for disappointment” –
On the aspect of the unions, the identical feeling. “As usually in these instances, it’s higher to be ready to be dissatisfied,” notes Mare-Hélène Dor of the FSU. “Issues (Assises, Estates Normal…) which declare to be considering abroad points have recognized loads of them which have usually led to not a lot.”
“Apart from, we now have a form of abroad ‘sub-ministry’ which produces nothing, is a triumph of mediocrity and sterile chatter,” says the commerce unionist.
“If my judgment is extreme it’s firstly as a result of all this represents a waste of public cash however above all as a result of the topics and the stakes are appreciable when it comes to employment, public companies, housing, energy to buy, salaries, pensions, training… and in respect of which the abroad territories and due to this fact Reunion endure from appreciable delays”, she provides.
“These recordsdata deserve bold measures that won’t come: classification of the complete academy in precedence training, transparency on worth formation, battle in opposition to conditions of monopoly – or focus – the truth is (supermarkets, fuels, particularly ), creation of posts within the Public Service, enhance in wages, allowances, social minima and pensions (if solely to compensate for the excessive price of residing), battle in opposition to job insecurity, growth of the educating of the regional language, huge funding within the ecological transition”, says Marie-Hélène Dor.
– In direction of higher consideration of native specificities? –
Since Might 2022, the presidents of the areas of Guadeloupe, Réunion, Mayotte, Martinique, Saint-Martin and Guyana, signatories of thecall from Fort-de-Franceask to fulfill the President of the Republic to debate a “profound change of coverage” vis-à-vis growth support for territories affected by poverty and to seek out options to the precise issues of French folks abroad -sea, and even contemplate a constitutional reform.
The assembly of the Abroad Interministerial Committee (CIOM) is a chance for the Authorities to current its priorities and instructions for bettering the every day lives of the inhabitants of abroad territories. And the calls for are many. Price of residing, dock dues, territorial continuity…
Of the 1000’s of returns which were made to the ministries, round 100 have been retained.
The parliamentarians and presidents of communities who will take part on this assembly on Tuesday July 18 hope to acquire an in depth roadmap with a exact timetable, concrete actions and investments tailored to every territory.
Concrete actions are anticipated, particularly since INSEE has unveiled the tuesday july 11, that costs are 9% increased in Reunion than in France. Furthermore, within theeating this distinction is 37%.
The Minister of the Economic system, Bruno Le Maire, has already introduced that he’ll suggest an “in-depth” reform of dock dues, which is a tariff safety mechanism utilized to merchandise imported into abroad territories, throughout this Interministerial Abroad Committee on eight June.
“I am not in favor of a deletion, however I am not in favor of the established order both,” he stated. He introduced his intention to proceed “product by product”, whereas sustaining “a tariff safety system […] for merchandise which might be made in these territories and as an alternative elevate all taxes on merchandise that aren’t obtainable in these territories”.
As a reminder, a part of the quantity of dock dues is donated to native authorities to partially finance their working budgets.
On June eight, and nonetheless within the Nationwide Meeting, the Minister Delegate for Abroad Territories, Jean-François Carenco, indicated evaluation of support for territorial continuity will even be studied there. “As a part of the Ciom, we should take into consideration altering the stability of the parameters, particularly the eligibility threshold, the quantity and the beneficiaries. I’m engaged on it”, he assured.
– A committee that intervenes greater than 10 years after the primary –
The primary Abroad Interministerial Council – and never the Committee, as a result of it was positioned below the direct authority of the President of the Republic Nicolas Sarkozy and never below that of the Prime Minister – was held in 2009.
It had been introduced collectively in response to the social disaster within the West Indies and a basic strike in opposition to the excessive price of residing for a number of weeks. “The way forward for abroad communities will not be the enterprise of the Minister in command of Abroad Territories alone, stated Nicolas Sarkozy on the time. Every member of the federal government should really feel involved and should become involved personally. “
It would take ten years for a brand new CIOM to be introduced collectively by the then Prime Minister, Edouard Phillipe, in February 2019. From the creation of a community of “lycées de la mer” – vocational excessive colleges devoted to trades sailors – via the promotion of “multilingualism”, the themes addressed in the course of the 2019 CIOM have been very broad.
It was a query of “giving aims to the ministers involved”, within the phrases of Edouard Philippe. But when the aims have been set, troublesome to say if they’ve been achieved.
The abstract of the CIOM’s work in 2019 additionally indicated that it “will meet each six months”. A wishful considering. If one other assembly passed off in September 2019, since then, nothing…
So 10 years later and successive postponements, ought to we see on this delay the ambition of actual bulletins for Reunion and for the Abroad Territories? Hope will not be forbidden by any regulation…