The Institute of Statistics in French Polynesia (ISPF) launched this Wednesday the employment figures in French Polynesia, for the yr 2018. We study specifically that lower than 52% of Polynesians of working age have a employment. A decrease employment fee than in mainland France.
This employment fee is far decrease than in mainland France, where it rose to 65.9% in the same year.
The speed of unemployment, estimated at 14.5% of the Polynesian inhabitants, should be in contrast with warning to these of the mainland or the abroad departments, the place compensation for an energetic job search will increase the variety of individuals thought of economically as unemployed. They aren’t compensated in French Polynesia, an abroad group benefiting from broad autonomy.
“The halo of unemployment”
The fact of unemployment subsequently approaches that of the DOMs, the place unemployment funds exist (Guyana: 19.three% / Guadeloupe: 23.four% / Réunion: 24.5%).
The 16,200 unemployed Polynesians are solely a part of the 39,400 individuals searching for employment. The 23,200 others, which the ISPF appoints “The halo of unemployment”, usually are not actively on the lookout for or usually are not instantly out there for employment.
The Institute notes, for instance, that unemployment is low amongst these over fifty, however that this illustrates “The discouragement to discover a job previous this age” : these Polynesians usually are not thought of unemployed however are counted within the halo.
As well as, 16% of jobs are thought of fragile (precarious contracts or internships).
The employment fee for girls is far decrease than that for males (43.9% in comparison with 59.four%), and the distinction even reaches twenty factors amongst 25-49 yr olds. This distinction is much less marked in mainland France, the place childcare services are extra developed, notes the ISPF.
Unequal unemployment charges throughout the 5 archipelagos
Lastly, the Institute notes nice disparities among the many 118 islands of the 5 Polynesian archipelagos. Within the rural elements of essentially the most populated islands, Tahiti and Moorea, the unemployment fee reaches greater than 20%. Based on statistics, it’s lower than eight% in sparsely populated archipelagos, such because the Austral and the Marquesas.
However the ISPF specifies that the weak point of native employment, typically summed up in fishing, the cultivation of pearls or copra (coconut), discourages unemployed people from actively searching for one. This discouragement magnifies the halo of unemployment and makes crucial “the usage of different options to make sure each day life” corresponding to agricultural manufacturing and fishing for personal consumption, or the change of providers.
In Polynesia, just one in two inhabitants has a jobOuest-France.fr