They’re bakers, staff, cashiers. Much less solicited than caregivers, they nonetheless performed an important function throughout the disaster. The Ministry of Labor is profiling them. They’re paid much less and extra insecure than the common personal sector worker.
They ran an elevated danger of contamination throughout the well being disaster by persevering with to offer the inhabitants with the companies important to day by day life: they’re “bakers”, “agricultural staff”, “cashiers” or “drivers. supply males”. In 44% of instances they’re ladies, with precarious jobs and schedules which might be typically unpredictable from one month to the subsequent. These are the professionals whose working situations have been scrutinized by the Dares (Directorate for the Animation of Analysis, Research and Statistics of the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Integration), these it calls the “second line staff”.
These “second line staff” are those that, even when they weren’t caregivers, have helped maintain the nation working regardless of durations of confinement. From bakers to residence assist, together with development staff, they continued to work with out having the ability to profit from teleworking.
four.6 million individuals
In its research, the Dares thus sifted by way of a number of 17 professions, or four.6 million people. These 17 professions have been chosen in accordance with the diploma of potential publicity to Covid-19 throughout skilled exercise and the actual fact of getting principally continued to work on website throughout the first confinement (from March to Could 2020). The Dares has gathered information accessible, earlier than or throughout the previous 12 months, and its report offers an image of all these staff and the situations of train of their professions.
Essentially the most quite a few are automobile drivers, upkeep staff and cashiers and self-service staff ; then come development staff, residence helpers and family helpers, meals commerce professions (butchers, bakers, and many others.) in addition to farmers.
CDD, interim and part-time
Second-line staff are twice as usually on fixed-term or short-term contracts, with quick weekly working hours, understand 30% decrease wages (in comparison with the common), expertise unemployment extra usually and have few profession alternatives. They work in troublesome situations, incur extra occupational dangers and undergo extra accidents. Nonetheless, they aren’t extra dissatisfied than different staff within the personal sector and have furthermore a powerful sense of usefulness of their work.
Much less paid, much less profession prospects, extra danger of unemployment, and extra frequent mobility however not rewarded for all that, second-line staff are thought of second-class staff, and subsequently underestimated.
These tougher situations are mirrored specifically within the data of the variety of accidents at work. In 2019, they twice declared having had a number of accidents throughout their work over the past 12 months (20%, in comparison with 11% of personal sector staff). The declared accidents are significantly excessive within the constructing, agricultural and dealing with trades. The bodily constraints are significantly excessive: 61% of second-line staff are uncovered to not less than three of them, towards 36% for all staff within the personal sector. The identical is true of publicity to fumes, mud or harmful merchandise (65% towards 43%), specifically for development staff (80% or extra).
They will not do that their entire life
The chance of an infection (measured earlier than the well being disaster) is by definition pretty current within the day by day lives of second-line staff and much more marked for residence helpers and housekeepers or upkeep staff, however can also be at a excessive degree for expert staff in public works, concrete and quarrying.
These working situations make it troublesome to pursue a protracted exercise in these trades. The staff involved are thus much less quite a few than the workers of the personal sector to think about themselves able to persevering with the identical work till retirement (50%, towards 56%). This doubt is expressed primarily by unskilled staff within the meals trade, cashiers and self-service staff, residence helpers and family assist. However it additionally issues different trades: meals distributors and development staff (except unskilled development staff).
The sensation of social utility could be very heterogeneous inside second-line professions. In line with the Dares, it’s significantly excessive for residence helpers and home helpers (91%), and greater than the common for personal sector staff for market gardeners, gardeners, development staff besides public works, concrete and extraction, automobile drivers, butchers and bakers and upkeep staff. These staff could also be poorly paid and underestimated, however the well being disaster can have proven how important their presence is.