Guess who was on the Normal Meeting only a week in the past?
The overall confederation of beet growers, a union within the sector which brings collectively 45,000 jobs in whole, based on their figures, France is the first European producer of beet sugar, 2ᵉ on this planet. An annual assembly with the gratin of agriculture, the boss of the FNSEA, Christine Lambert, and Bayer as the primary visitor to talk.
Bayer, which manufactures, amongst different issues, glyphosate, an enormous in phytosanitary merchandise. However the pesticides mentioned all through the assembly, the three hours of that are on video on the beet growers’ web site, are: neonicotinoids, alias “bee killers”, however not solely, as recalled the CNRS chemist and toxicologist in Orléans, and Jean-Marc Bonmatin: “ These neonicotinoids are chargeable for the collapse of biodiversity. They have an effect on all invertebrates (bees, butterflies, earthworms, and so forth.) and, worst of all, aquatic invertebrates, ie zooplankton. And so you’ve got cascading results. ”
The disappearance of bugs, birds, amphibians, in brief the biodiversity so important to our life on Earth and it’s not the Cop15 for the time being in Montreal that can say the other. However there are additionally the direct results on our well being: “ The record of illnesses correlated with the usage of neonicotinoids continues to develop. We’re speaking about impaired neurodevelopment, power kidney illness, cancers (thyroid, liver, testicles, and so forth.), and so forth. ”
Nevertheless, bear in mind, these neonicotinoids had been banned by France, a legislation handed in 2016 for software from 2018, it was Barbara Pompili who defended it within the Meeting: “ Personally, what I would like is for this legislation to include this prohibition and for it to be utilized. What I dread probably the most, as a result of I do know these topics too properly, is making good choices on paper, however which might not be relevant. ”
And the candidate Macron had pledged to not change something throughout his marketing campaign in 2017 . He mentioned “I verify it”, however bear in mind once more in 2020: an exemption is granted to beet growers, due to the jaundice transmitted by aphids on their crops. Barbara Pompili, who grew to become Minister of Ecological Transition within the meantime, had it mistaken, however justified the scenario: “ In actual fact, I used to be very indignant and I regarded issues within the face and I mentioned to myself good, it is a setback, neonicotinoids are nearly all prohibited, we simply have an issue on beets so we remedy the issue and neonicotinoids will likely be utterly banned very quickly. ”
“In a short time” she mentioned, however right here we’re on the finish of 2022, quickly on the finish of the derogation which works till July 2023, in 6 months, and the beet growers need an extension of the derogation. The president of the confederation is crystal clear, and Mr. Bayer helps him. Not so stunning, however guess who is also for a brand new waiver? The Minister of Agriculture, Marc Fesneau, in a video broadcast throughout the Normal Meeting of beet growers. In line with him, we should struggle in opposition to jaundice whereas ready for different options on which we’re working.
Certainly, there’s a nationwide analysis plan at 20 million euros. He subsequently says that there’s a want to increase the derogation as a result of the alternate options usually are not but developed. However there, Jean-Marc Bonmatin, the researcher specializing in neonicotinoids, is flabbergasted: “ The Minister should have forgotten that in 2021 the Nationwide Meals Security Company revealed a particularly detailed report the place scientists state that there are 22 alternate options to the usage of neonicotinoids for sugar beets. He specifies that four options are instantly obtainable. ”
four operational alternate options. The report is formal. Why are they not used? Good morning replies: It takes slightly extra work as a result of once you use neonicotinoids, you deal with on the time of sowing. It is insecticide coated seeds that you simply plant and also you’re completed. It’s preventative remedy. Whereas the opposite options require you to return to the sphere slightly, to do your job as a farmer. ”
Beet growers will respect. The financial stakes are excessive for them, however so are the ecological and public well being stakes, as a result of we additionally keep in mind that these pesticides are soluble, cell and protracted, that’s to say that they’re discovered in every single place and for years. So very good choices on paper, however not carried out.