FactualWith no future, the candidates for exile left in giant numbers this autonomous area positioned within the north-east of Iraq and tried to achieve Europe, usually risking their lives.
On Muhammed Fatah Muhammed’s Instagram profile, a sentence is written in English: “Higher days are coming. “ Far, little question, from town heart of Halabja, a Kurdish city within the north-east of Iraq, the place this 23-year-old younger man with a delicate look, a skinny, bearded face, works in a small restaurant. “From 5 a.m. till three:30 p.m., he specifies. And, at finest, I earn 6 euros per day. ” Right now, like many different younger individuals, Muhammed has just one dream: to depart Iraqi Kurdistan for Europe, the place already lives ” 100 “ of his buddies and acquaintances. Daily, others proceed to depart, usually risking their lives. 1000’s of migrants stranded on the border between Belarus and Poland got here from the identical autonomous area in northern Iraq. On December 26 once more, the our bodies of sixteen Kurdish migrants, drowned within the English Channel a month earlier, whereas attempting to achieve England, had been repatriated to Erbil.
Amongst Muhammed’s buddies, many have taken the roads of exile. “Within the UK there may be one who now works as a hairdresser. He managed to purchase a home for his dad and mom right here in Halabja. He additionally paid for his brother’s marriage ceremony. I wish to do the identical! “, slips the younger Kurd.
Muhammed nonetheless is aware of how the trail is strewn with pitfalls. In 2016, a migrant boat crossing the ocean to reach in Italy from Greece sank, killing nineteen members of his household, on his mom’s aspect. “Solely my mom’s aunt remained alive. She then left for the Netherlands earlier than returning right here, the place she died a short while in the past ”, explains the younger man. Already in 2018, he himself tried his luck. Forty days on the highway, four,300 spent (three,800 euros) of his financial savings to pay smugglers, a number of nations crossed and a sea crossed, earlier than he lastly finds himself in Thessaloniki, Greece.
3 times, Muhammed then tried a brand new crossing to Italy. The final time, he says, the police arrested him after they beat him up. The younger Kurd then determined to show round. “However I’ll do the identical once more, perhaps by the spring. I need to go to any nation, to do away with Kurdistan, to avoid wasting myself from right here. Life is tough. There isn’t any job. I’ll promote the automobile I simply purchased ”, he assures.
Useless finish disaster
In response to figures from the United Nations (UN), the unemployment charge for Kurds aged 15 to 29 is 24% for males and 69% for ladies. On this area, financial development is much from maintaining tempo with inhabitants development. Every year, to soak up the arrival of younger individuals within the labor market, some 50,000 new jobs are wanted. within the area, says the UN.
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